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04 Jun, 2023
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budget rule

What Is The 50 30 20 Budget Rule?

Budgeting. You should be doing it, but you most likely aren’t. Why? Because it’s quite impossible to predict your monthly expenses with any accuracy. When you take a look at your bank statements and realize where your money is going might be frightening. As a result, the 50-20-30 Rule was born. It is also one of the most used budgeting methods, but does it work? We’ve broken it down for you:

What is the Meaning of the 50 30 20 Budget Rule?

The 50-20-30 Rule is a money-management strategy that divides your paycheck into three categories: 50% for necessities, 20% for savings, and 30% for anything else.

  • 50% for necessities – rent and other housing bills, groceries, petrol, and so on.
  • Savings accounts, retirement contributions, loans, credit card payments, and other savings accounts contribute to 20% of your income.
  • 30% for anything else, such as apparel, eateries, monthly streaming subscriptions, gym memberships, and so forth.

If the 50-20-30 budget doesn’t work for you, consider one of these alternatives. While the Rule is simple to remember, it is not always simple to follow. When it comes to spending, the truth is that one size does not fit all. Just the way you use savings, investment, or retirement calculator in India – this formula will get you through in budgeting.

Let us get a little more in-depth to each of the attributes of this budgeting rule, shall we?

Factors of the 50/20/30 Budget Rule

1. 50% – Need

Needs are the bills that must be paid and the goods that are required for survival. Rent, auto payments, groceries, insurance, health care, minimum debt payments, and utilities are all examples of these expenses. These are the “must-haves” for you. Your Amazon Prime subscription or Spotify account does not come under this list.

In order to meet your demands and commitments, half of your after-tax income should suffice. If you spend more on wants than needs, you’ll have to either cut back on desires or downsize your lifestyle, possibly to a smaller home or a less expensive car. Perhaps carpooling or taking public transportation to work is a viable option, as is cooking more at home.

2. 30% – Want

The things that you spend money on that aren’t absolutely necessary are considered wants. Dinners and movies out, that new handbag, sporting event tickets, vacations, the latest electronic gizmo, and ultra-high-speed Internet are all examples. If you boil it down – anything in the wants category is optional. Instead of going to the gym, you can work out at home, cook instead of eating out and watch sports on TV instead of purchasing tickets to the game.

This category also covers upgrading selections such as choosing a more expensive dinner over a cheaper and simpler one, purchasing a Mercedes over a more affordable Honda, or deciding whether to watch free television through an antenna or pay for cable television. Wants are essentially all of the small extras that you spend money on to make life more enjoyable and engaging.

3. 20% – Save

Finally, set aside 20% of your gross income for savings and investments. Contributing to an emergency fund in a bank savings account, making payments to a mutual fund account – and investing in the stock market are all examples of this. If you lose your job or anything unexpected happens, you should have at least three months of emergency money on hand. After that, concentrate on retirement and other long-term financial goals.

Savings could also be used to pay off debt. While minimal payments are considered “needs,” any additional payments reduce the principal and interest owed, making the savings.

History of the 50%/30%/20% Rule

Sen. Elizabeth Warren (a Harvard law professor at the time she invented the term) and her daughter, Amelia Warren Tyagi, popularized the 50/30/20 Rule in their book All Your Worth: The Ultimate Lifetime Money Plan. It was created as a rough guideline for working-class families to budget in order to plan for the future and unanticipated occurrences.

Well, now that you know so much about this Rule, it is only right if you find out how to use it too.

How to Use this 50/30/20 Rule?

Most individuals save too little and spend too much without realizing it. This 50/30/20 Rule is an easy method to become more mindful of your spending and saving patterns. You could save more for things that are important to you by spending less on the ones that don’t.

  1. Firstly, you will have to calculate your monthly income.
  2. Calculate how much you will spend, a threshold, for all of the three categories.
  3. Create your budget around these sets of numbers.
  4. Stay in alignment with your plan, and it will help you get through with the Rule and also enhance monthly budgeting.

It is one of the simplest rules you can use in your financial journey to growth. If you are still thinking about it – give it a try! It will be worth the effort when you see effective results.


Every plan made only succeeds when it is properly executed. Learn more on how to use the Rule and make a new strategy for your monthly budgeting. Moreover, the 50 30 20 rule is a simple rule that is easy to understand and also quite easy to implement once you have got the hang of it.

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