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psychosis-MDedge

Everything You Need To Know About Psychosis

Psychosis causes you to lose touch with reality and directly affects your brain functioning. People experiencing psychosis may either have delusions or hallucinations. A person having a hallucination may hear the yelling voice of his/her mother when she isn’t around, or they may see a person in front of them who isn’t actually there.

Doctors note that even before the first episode of psychosis, a person can show slight changes in the way he/she thinks or behaves, which is termed as the prodromal period that can last for days, weeks, months or even years.

Causes Of Psychosis

Brief Psychotic Disorder

The brief psychotic disorder is also known as brief reactive psychosis. It can occur in a person who has gone through extreme personal stress, like losing a family member in a road accident. Depending on the source and intensity of stress, the person can recover from it in a few days, weeks or months.

Drug Or Alcohol-Related Psychosis

Drug or alcohol-related psychosis is stimulated by the consumption of certain drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine. Even some prescribed drugs like stimulants or steroids can lead to triggering psychosis. People who have suddenly left drug or alcohol can experience psychosis as a withdrawal symptom.

Organic Psychosis

Extreme injury or infection in your brain can also lead to psychosis.

Symptoms Of Psychosis

  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Anxiety attacks
  • Depression
  • Suspiciousness
  • Hallucinations
  • Spending time alone more than usual
  • Delusions
  • Disorganised speech
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Sleeping too much or insomnia

Psychotic Disorders

There are mainly 4 types of disorders that show the symptoms of psychosis

Treatments For Psychosis

 

Medications

If patients show extreme psychotic behaviour, chances are that the doctor will keep them on medications called antipsychotics to calm them down. The type of antipsychotic medication will depend on the causes and symptoms, varying from patient to patient. Mostly, doctors give a combination of both medication and therapy to treat a person suffering from psychosis.

Psychotherapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

The CBT helps patients to understand the timings and trigger points of their psychotic episodes. The therapy involves meeting with a mental health counsellor regularly, intending to reduce hallucinations and change the way one thinks or acts. The treatment is beneficial for people who haven’t see much of a difference by taking antipsychotic medications.

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy

The CET with various computer exercises and group work helps to make a patient understand and think better.

Coordinated Specialty Care

The CSC treatment takes the help of a team approach in treating psychosis. This type of psychotherapy combines both medication and therapy with social work and education support to treat psychosis.

Source: https://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/what-is-psychosis

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