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World Tuberculosis Day 2021 Theme: The Clock is Ticking

World Tuberculosis Day is observed on 24th March every year to raise awareness and efforts to eliminate the deadly disease.

What is Tuberculosis and How Does it Affect Us?

The TB infection is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. TB mainly attacks the lungs, but it can also attack other body parts like the abdomen, spine, joints, or even brain. 

There are two types of TB, Latent TB and Active TB.

Latent TB: In most cases, TB infected patient’s immune system can kill the bacteria or at least stop the bacteria from spreading in the body. In Latent TB cases, one might not experience any kind of symptoms, but the bacteria still remains in the body. 

World TB Day 1

The risk of a latent TB turning into an Active TB type is higher when the patient has other underlying conditions like HIV, Cancer, or Diabetes. 

Active TB: If the patient’s immune system is unable to kill or contain the spread of the bacteria in the body, then this type of TB is called Active TB. In this type, the patient will experience symptoms and also become contagious, i.e., the person can spread the disease through coughing and sneezing. 

What Are The Symptoms of TB?

The symptoms of TB includes:

  • Chest Pain
  • Tiredness
  •  Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Night sweats
  • Weight Loss
  • Meningitis
  • Blood in the urine
  • Spinal and Joint Pain

If you are experiencing these symptoms, visit the nearest doctor. 

Tuberculosis Cases in Numbers

TB is one of the top 10 causes of death, and a total of 1.4 million people died from TB in the year 2019. TB can infect any age group, but it is curable and preventable. One of the major health targets of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is to eliminate the TB epidemic by 2030. 

Why Do We Celebrate World Tuberculosis day on 24th March? 

On 24th March 1882, Dr. Robert Koch announced to the scientific community that he has managed to discover the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus. Robert Kuch made this breakthrough discovery at a time when TB was causing the death of one out of every seven people in Europe and The USA. 

The STOP TB Partnership, a network of organisations and countries that have pledged to fight TB and eradicate the infectious disease from the world, organises the day to raise awareness and efforts to fight the deadly disease.

The theme of World Tuberculosis Day 2021 is ‘The Clock is Ticking.’ 

For more details, visit : http://www.stoptb.org/news/stories/2021/ns21_006.html

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