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23 May, 2022
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Russia-Ukraine: Putin Announced War While UNSC’s Emergency Session Was Underway!

One of the most surreal sessions of the United Nations Security Council has to be the emergency session for the Russia-Ukraine crisis. The UNSC failed to stop a war as the very war was announced while the committee was sitting. Russian president Vladimir Putin choose a strategic time to announce Russia’s plan of launching a special military operation in Ukraine. Putin made the large scale invasion announcement while the emergency session of the UNSC was underway.

The Situation At The UNSC

The session started with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres being the first to address the council. Till that time, Putin’s intention were not completely clear. For the first time ever, a UN Secretary General publicly called out the head of a Security Council Permanent member. Mr Guterres said: “If indeed an operation is being prepared, I have only one thing to say, from the bottom of my heart. President Putin: stop your troops from attacking Ukraine. Give peace a chance. Too many people have already died.”

By the time it was the chance of the Russian representative, Vasily Nebenzya to speak. Vladimir Putin had already announced his intention and there was no more mystery left in the Russia-Ukraine crisis. Nebenzya then argued that it is actually not a war but a special military operation to protect the citizens of the Donbass, a move that the US had predicted days ago will be used by Russia to justify its stance.

An hour into the meeting, multiple reports of bombardments of Ukrainian cities had already started coming in. The exact moment showed UNSC’s inefficiency to call for peace and dialogue as the US Permanent Representative, Linda Thomas-Greenfield said: “At the exact time as we were gathered in the council seeking peace, Putin delivered a message of war in total disdain for the responsibility of this council. This is a grave emergency.”

After Putin’s intentions came to the forefront, Nebenzya quickly closed the meeting saying that Russia’s aggression is not targeted towards the Ukrainian people. A Security Council that had begun to stop the war, broke up in a time of war and at the potential start of World War 3 and a major conflict.

Russian Military Have Entered Ukraine: What We Know So Far?

On Thursday morning, Vladimir Putin, through a Television broadcast, announced a Special Military Operation to denazify and demilitarise Ukraine. As per Ukrainian officials, Russia attacked through cruise missiles, artillery,  and airstrikes. It primarily targeted military infrastructure, border positions including airbases. Three hours after the strikes, Russian Defence Ministry said that it has neutralised Ukraine’s airbases and air defences. Most of the airstrikes done by Russia was limited to the East Ukrainian regions but some strikes were also reported in the western side including in Ivano-Frankivsk and Lutsk.

Reports have started coming in that Russian troops are now advancing to the east of Kharkiv and Russian armour moving from annexed Crimea. The reports suggest that Russia is planning to launch a three-pronged attack from the north, south and east. Russia has already managed to invade Luhansk and Donetsk, where Russian-backed rebels have started attacking Ukrainian positions.

While launching the Special Military Operation, Putin said: “Our plans do not include the occupation of Ukrainian territories. We are not going to impose anything by force.” However, explosions have already been heard in multiple cities including Ukraine’s capital Kyiv. In the first wave of strikes, Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskiy announced that the government has imposed a Martial Law in the country. Few hours later, Ukrainian officials also suspended civilian air traffic as it had appeared that some Russian strikes were close to Kyiv’s main airport. However, even after the invasion, Russian military announced that it has only directed strikes towards Ukrainian airbases and other military assets, but not populated areas.

Did Putin Pre-Recorded His War Announcement?

A Report has been going viral on the internet which claims that Russian President Vladimir Putin pre-recorded his war announcement suggesting that he had already decided to invade Ukraine, even though many western countries trapped Russia with various sanctions. Russian media reported that Putin likely pre-recorded his announcement as early as Monday. The metadata of the video file uploaded to the Kremlin website shows that the video was originally created on 21st February at 7 PM, nearly three days before Putin announced the beginning of the military invasion as reported by the Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta.

A Comparison Between Russian Military and Ukraine Military

When it comes to the missile technology, Russia is the world leader and it can use its missiles to completely incapacitate Ukraine’s air defence systems. Though western countries have supplied military equipment to Ukraine, the country’s military fails to stand next to Russia’s military capabilities which has one of the world’s mightiest armed forces. As per the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Russia’s military expenditure in 2020 was over ten times of what Ukraine spent in the same year. If one makes a head-to-head comparison of the military capabilities of both the countries, Russia outnumber Ukraine at every aspect. While Russia is the second most powerful country militarily, Ukraine stands at 22 out of 140 nations.

Active personnel

Russia: 850,000/ Ukraine: 250,000

Tanks

Russia: 12,500/ Ukraine: 2,600

Armoured Vehicles

Russia: 30,000+/ Ukraine: 12,000

Artillery Guns

Russia: 14,000/ Ukraine: 3,000+

Naval Vessels

Russia: 600/ Ukraine: 38

Submarines

Russia: 70/ Ukraine: 0

Source: The Indian Express 

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