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10 Aug, 2022
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NASA’s James Webb Telescope Captures The Cosmic View of Extreme Universal Boundaries

Until now, human exposure to different universal boundaries was limited to a certain extent only. The prime cause for human inability was the lack of technical frameworks. However, humans are not born to live a life of limitation. This is why they work hard and go to any extent to address their curiosity. The recent exploration of NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) scientists supports this consideration. On Monday, NASA scientists revealed images of the deepest look of the cosmos. NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope captured the images.

Images captured by the NASA telescope were shared on Monday in a ceremony hosted at the White House. According to NASA scientists, the captured images show the farthest part of the Universe that humanity has never seen in both time and distance. The event of picture release was continued on Tuesday as well, in which scientists released four more shots of galactic beauty from the telescope’s initial outward gazes.

What Was The View Of The Universe Captured By The Telescope?

The first image from James Webb space telescope included:

  • A view of a giant gaseous planet outside our solar system.
  • Two pictures of nebula reflecting the birth and the death of stars.
  • Provided an update about five tightly clustered galaxies dancing around each other. 

These things compositely unveiled the Universe’s composition, which constitutes billions of stars located in millions of galaxies peeking here and there for a long time.

The sharp focus on the birth and death of stars provided a glimpse of the early days of the Universe about 13.7 billion years ago.

 

 

What Is James Webb Space Telescope?

$10 billion worth James Webb Space Telescope is the world’s biggest and most powerful space telescope. This telescope is considered the successor of the highly successful Hubble space telescope. If we look at the specification of this telescope, we can find that this telescope is:

  • 21 feet (6.4 meters) high.
  • Covering a gold-plated and flower-shaped mirror.
  • Composed of 18 segments.

Readers can better relate the strength of the telescope’s segments with the fact that one among the 18 segments was smacked by a micro meteoroid in May. Even after striking a micro-meteoroid, the telescope continued towards its mission requirements without losing any of its properties.

According to Jonathan Gardner, Webb’s deputy project scientist: “Webb can see backwards in time to just after the Big Bang by looking for galaxies which are so far away that the light has taken billions of years to get from those galaxies to our telescopes,”

Similarly, last month, a NASA administrator told reporters about the mission: “We are going to give humanity a new view of the cosmos which humans never saw before through a NASA telescope,”

About The Mission

The world’s biggest and the most powerful NASA telescope entered space last December from French Guiana in South America. The telescope reached its lookout point 1 million miles (1.6 kilometres) from Earth in January. After reaching its lookout position, the lengthy process of mirror alignment, setting up of infrared detectors at an operational temperature, and calibration of scientific instruments started taking place. 

The fun fact about the scientific instruments was that a tennis court-size sunshade protected them. This sunshade is responsible for keeping the telescope at a cool temperature. 

A few days back, project scientist Klaus Pontoppidan hinted about the project’s success. During that interview, he said: “How far back did that first image look? Over the next few days, astronomers will do intricate calculations to figure out just how old galaxies actually look like,” 

Pontoppidan further added: “The deepest view of the cosmos is not a record that will stand for very long. It is because scientists are close to using the telescope to go in-depth about their quest to explore the Universe.”

“It’s really hard to not look at the universe in a new light and not just have a moment that is deeply personal,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA’s science mission chief, after looking at pictures obtained from the telescope.

What’s Next On The Space Timeline For NASA? 

According to sources, NASA is soon going to collaborate with its Webb telescope technology with the European and Canadian space agencies. 

Backing these assumptions, Richard Ellis, professor of astrophysics at University College London, said via Email: “I am now really excited as this dramatic progress augurs well for reaching the ultimate prize for many astronomers like myself: pinpointing ‘Cosmic Dawn’ – the moment when the Universe was first bathed in starlight,”

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