What is cybercrime and cyber law?
Cybercrime and cyber law are quite closely related terms that have gained huge relevance in the past few years. This article will give you a brief introduction to cybercrime and cyberlaw and realize their importance. So come, let’s dive deeper into the article for better understanding!
Meaning of Cybercrime
Cybercrime is a type of a criminal activity that involves targeting or using a computer, network of a computer or a networked device. In the majority of cases, cyber crimes are committed by hackers or cybercriminals who want to make money by breaching the cybersecurity. Cybercriminals can be individuals or organizations using advanced technology or can be novice hackers too.
Examples of Cybercrime
For getting a better understanding of cybercrime, let’s have a look at the following examples:
- Internet and email frauds
- Identity-related fraud wherein cybercriminals steal and use personal information
- Stealing of financial information such as payment card details
- Theft and usage of corporate data
- Demand of money for preventing a cyberattack
- Ransomware attacks
- Mining cryptocurrency with the help of resources they don’t own.
- Getting access to the confidential information of a company or government
Types of Cybercrimes
Broadly, there are three different types of cybercrimes, which include:
- Cybercrimes against individuals: Although these types of crimes take place online, they can largely affect the lives of real people. A few such crimes include stalking or cyber harassment, circulation of child pornography, different kinds of spoofing, credit card-related frauds, and human trafficking.,
- Cybercrimes against property: There are cybercrimes that take place against a property like computer or server. Such crimes normally include hacking, DDOS attacks, virus transmission, copyright and IPR violations.
- Cyber Crimes against government: When a cybercrime takes place against a government, it is visualized as a crime against the sovereignty of the country and a war. Some of the common cybercrimes against a government involve gaining access to confidential data, system hacking, cyber warfare, and cyber terrorism.
Ways to Protect Against Cybercrime
As you have gained a basic understanding of cybercrime, let’s look at various ways through which you can protect yourself from cybercrimes:
- Updating software and operating systems: By updating your software and the operating systems, you can benefit from the most advanced security patches that will safeguard your computer.
- Using anti-virus software and updating it: With the help of antivirus softwares or a comprehensive internet security solution, you can safeguard your system from attacks. These antivirus softwares help you to scan, detect and delete the threats before they pose any bigger problem. While using the antivirus softwares, you always need to ensure that you update them regularly for better protection and protect your data and system from cybercrime.
- Setting strong passwords: It is always recommended to use strong passwords to protect your data and system. Also, make sure that you change the password once in a while for more protection.
- Avoiding opening emails in spam emails: One of the most common ways of systems getting infected by malware attacks and other different kinds of cyberattacks is through email attachments in spam emails. For protection, it is always recommended not to open any email or attachment sent by an unrecognized sender.
- Avoiding sharing personal data with others: When it comes to protecting your system and data from cybercrimes, it is highly recommended that you don’t share your personal information such as OTP, passwords or PIN with anyone.
- Contacting companies directly when in doubt: If you get suspicious about any phone call requesting your personal information, always try contacting the organization directly using the phone number available online and verify if the call was made by any authenticated person. This will prevent you from sharing your vital information from others and in turn save you from any cybercrime.
- Being careful about website URLs you visit: It is advisable to be mindful of the URLs you click on. Always see if they look spammy to prevent any theft of confidential information.
- Keeping a track of your bank statements: Checking your bank statements regularly helps you to look for any fraudulent transactions made in your account. In case of any suspicious activity, you can always reach out to your bank and convey the issue to them.
Meaning of Cyberlaw
Cyberlaw or ‘the law of internet’ refers to a law that is applicable to the internet and internet-based technologies. It is one of the newest areas in legal affairs. As the internet technology is getting better at a fast pace, incidents of cybercrimes have also been increasing rampantly. In view of this, the concept of cyberlaw has been introduced for enabling legal protection for individuals using the internet, which includes both organizations and common people.
Components of Cyberlaw
Components that form part of cyberlaw include:
- Securing data and privacy: It is of utmost importance of safeguarding private and professional data and information. This is because financial information such as credit card details and personal information always attract the attention of cybercriminals. Any misuse of such information is illegal and this is where the role of cyberlaw comes into play.
- Cybercrimes: They are the essential part of cyberlaw and as already discussed above, they involve illegal activities that take place on a network or a system
- Intellectual Property: It refers to something that is owned by individuals or organizations such any work, symbol, designs, inventions, or anything which is intangible and are generally copyrighted or patented. Cyberlaw helps in preventing the theft of any such critical data and ensures safety.
- Electronic and Digital Signatures: These days, the majority of the individuals are using electronic and digital signatures to verify different documents. So there lies a huge possibility of cybercriminals to misuse the digital signatures. Cyberlaw ensures that the systems and networks are protected enough to prevent such mishappenings.
Relevance of Cyber Law
Similar to other laws, cyberlaw comprises rules and regulations that guide people and individuals on how to take care while using computer systems and the internet. Cyberlaw is highly important for us because it:
- Dictates all activities and responses in cyberspace
- Enables safe online transactions
- Allows close monitoring of online activities by cyber law officials
- Enables security of data and information of organizations, individuals and government
- Helps in preventing various illegal cyber activities
- Helps in keeping track of all electronic documents and records
- Enables establishing electronic governance
We hope that by the end of this article, you have gained a fair insight into the concepts of cybercrime and cyberlaw and understood their relevance.