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24 May, 2022
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Mental Health Disorder

Everything You Need To Know About The Dissociative Identity Disorder

DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) is a mental health illness in which a person has two or more distinct personalities. At different times, these personalities dictate the terms of a person’s conduct. This mental health disorder can induce memory lapses and other issues. People with DID may benefit from a range of psychotherapies to help them manage their conditions.

What is The Dissociative Identity Disorder?

It is a psychiatric illness. Patients suffering from DID have two or more distinct identities. These personalities have varying levels of control over their actions at specific stages. Each patient has their own psychology, background, characteristics, preferences, and prejudices. This ailment can cause memory lapses as well as hallucinations. Split personality or multiple personality disorders are few terms that were used to describe Dissociative Identity Disorder in the past.

Dissociative Identity Disorder is one of several mental health issues. The capacity to engage with reality is impaired by this kind of disease.

  • De-realization or de-personalized condition generates a sense of separation from your actions.
  • Dissociative amnesia, or difficulty recalling personal information, is the key issue.

How Frequent Is Dissociative Disorder?

Dissociative Identity Disorder is very rare.  It is an extremely uncommon condition. The disorder affects between 0.01 and 1% of the population. It can strike anyone at any age. DID is more common in women than in men.

What are the causes of Dissociative Disorder?

DID is most commonly caused by sexual or physical abuse during childhood. To put it another way, it is directly proportional to child molestation. It can also develop due to a catastrophic event or other stressful occurrences, such as conflict and fighting. This bipolar condition is a technique for an individual to remove or detach from a traumatic event happened in the past.  

What Are The Clear Indications Or Symptoms?

DID is a condition in which a person has two or more different identities. The person’s “core” identity is his or her normal demeanor. Alternate personalities are referred to as “Alters.” Some DID sufferers have as many as 100 alters. Alters are frequently dissimilar to one another. Genders, interests, ethnicities, and ways of engaging with their surroundings may differ among their identities.

Other frequent DID symptoms and indicators include:

  • Delusions
  • Anxiety
  • Disorientation
  • Depression
  • Loss of memory
  • Suicidal ideation or inflicting self-injury
  • Abuse of drugs or alcohol

Can a Patient Carrying This Sort of Dual Personality be Diagnosed?

This behavioral issue can’t be diagnosed with a single test. Your symptoms and personal health background will be reviewed by a medical professional who deals with psychology. The psychiatrist may conduct tests to decipher inherent physical reasons for your discomfort, including an old head injury or potential brain tumor. 

DID symptoms are most common in children between the age-group of 5-10. Parents, school authorities, and healthcare practitioners may miss the indications. This psychological malfunction can be mistaken for other behavioral or academic matters that affect youngsters, such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). As a result, DID is rarely identified until it is too late.

What is the Feasible Treatment?

Certain drugs can help with DID symptoms, including melancholy and anxiety. However, psychotherapy constitutes de-Stress programs which are the most successful treatment option. A mental health professional with specific training, including a psychiatrist or psychologist, can help find the appropriate treatment. Besides, individual or group counseling may be quite productive.

The focus of therapy is on:

  • Recognizing and dealing with prior trauma or abuse.
  • Managing unexpected behavioral shifts.
  • Consolidating multiple personalities into a single identity.

Can Hypnosis help?

Hypnotherapy may be used in conjunction with psychotherapy by some renowned and experienced psychiatrists. Hypnotherapy is a type of meditation that is unilaterally directed toward the patient in question. It may aid in the recovery of memories that have been suppressed over time.

Is there any Permanent Cure?

There’s no real-time process to stop DID from happening because it is not possible to identify the disease instantly if the patient is an adult.  However, recognizing the indicators early in life and obtaining therapy might help you control your symptoms. Parents, caregivers, and instructors should be on the lookout for warning indicators in youngsters. 

DID may be prevented from worsening if treatment begins soon after an occurrence of trauma or abuse. Treatment can also contribute to the identification of triggers that leads to personality or identity shifts. Stress and substance abuse are usual triggers. Managing stress and abstaining from drugs and alcohol can help you lessen the frequency of multiple changes in a patient’s behavior.

Dissociative disorder has no known cure. The majority of people will have to live with the illness for their remaining life. A blend of therapies, on the other hand, can help alleviate recurring symptoms. You might learn to control your actions and emotions more effectively. You may improve your performance at work, at home, and in your social circle in the future.

Is there a Way to Live with DID more Bearable?

Living with DID can be made easier with a solid family support system. Always ensure that your family, doctors, and friends empathize with you and understands your illness. Don’t be scared to ask for help and interact truthfully with the persons in your support system.

How can one assist a Loved One Who Has DID?

It can be perplexing and intimidating to have a loved one with DID. You might be unsure about how to react to his/her many alters or behaviors. You can assist by:

  • Becoming knowledgeable about the ailment and its manifestations.
  • Offering to accompany your loved one to family counseling or support networks.
  • Maintaining a calm and helpful approach when unexpected behavioral changes take place.

When Should one Approach a Doctor?

If someone you love is suffering from this complicated disease and is experiencing any of the symptoms listed below, seek medical help without wasting time:

  • Self-harm
  • Suicidal intention
  • Behavioral issues and aggression

Conclusion

The Dissociative Disorder necessitates long-term treatment by an experienced and competent mental health professional who attempts to reconcile the two identities while also treating the underlying problem. Cognitive and inventive therapies may help a lot.

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