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23 May, 2022
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What Are The Steps Involved In The Egg Donation Process?

Egg donation is a process in which a woman donates an egg, or oocyte, to another woman to assist her in conceiving. It is an integrated part of Assisted Reproductive Technology or ART.

Generally, as per the procedure, a doctor removes an egg or eggs from the donor, fertilizes them artificially in a laboratory, and then transfers the fertilized embryos into the recipient’s uterus. For the procedural purpose, doctors adopt an implantation procedure known as the In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF).

Sometimes, specialists at Patriot Conceptions facility freeze some or all of the embryos at the request of concerned parties. These can further be utilized for later use or implantation in different women. The storage facility is good because many times, the pregnancy fails in later stages. In such conditions, stored eggs are a feasible option. The process of egg donation benefits those women who are unable to use their own eggs for various reasons such as:

  • Ovarian failure.
  • Congenital anomalies in the fetus.
  • Advanced age.

Through this post, the readers will learn about the criteria for the egg donation process, things associated with the process itself like Egg Donor Process Side Effects, and legal ramifications following the donation.

Common Tendencies With The Process

Patriot Conceptions fertility clinic experts conduct an intensive Egg Donor Matching Process to find a suitable donor. The legal team carefully monitors the legal procedures. Before starting the process, donors receive medication to stop their menstrual cycle. These medications may cause side effects like:

  • Hot flashes.
  • Headache.
  • Fatigue.
  • Body ache.

After the initial medication, the donors receive a series of fertility drugs that stimulate their ovaries to produce several eggs. This process is known as hyper-stimulation. The donors need to self-administer these drugs by injecting them under their skin or into muscles.

Some women may experience mild side effects, such as bruising at the injection site, mood swings, and breast tendering. In rare cases, women face severe Ovarian Hyper-Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS). This tendency occurs when ovaries produce multiple eggs at the same time. Women facing OHSS may require hospitalization.

Donors also face a risk of pregnancy before the process of retrieval, so it is good for a donor to avoid intercourse or proceed with a barrier contraceptive like a condom. Donors also undergo frequent blood tests and ultrasound examinations throughout the process. These tests monitor the reaction of medications on the donor’s body.

During Retrieval 

Before the retrieval of eggs, the donor receives a final injection that prepares them for the procedure. After the injection, the doctor performs a transvaginal ovarian aspiration to retrieve the eggs from the donor’s ovaries. For this purpose, they insert an ultrasound probe into the vagina and require a needle to remove eggs from each follicle. The process lasts for around 30 minutes. Doctors give painkillers, sedatives, or anaesthesia to the donors to avoid pain. As this is a minor procedure, a donor need not stay overnight at the clinic or hospital.

After Donation

Few women need several days of rest to recover from the transvaginal ovarian aspiration, and others return to normal life the next day. As the process of egg donation has psychological impacts, women should work under the guidance of a counsellor or psychotherapist after the process.

Egg Donor Process Side Effects

The process of egg donation is a less risky process. It is because the procedure and medication for egg donors are almost similar to that for women using their own eggs in the IVF process and carry the same level of risk. The use of sedative drugs carries a small risk during the egg retrieval process, but serious complexions are rare.

Some women may undergo bleeding during the insertion of a needle into their ovaries. In rare cases, the insertion of a needle can damage the bowel, bladder, or nearby blood vessels. But, the chances of critical damage or severe bleeding are very low.

There are certain Egg Donor Process Side Effects in the form of infection after the egg process. To prevent this, doctors prescribe antibiotics.

Often, the medications are given for ovulation in an egg donor facilitate OHSS, which can be mild, moderate, or severe. In all conditions, it is essential to consult a specialist. It is because severe cases may require hospitalization because of:

  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Rapid weight gain.
  • Stomach ache.
  • Vomiting.

Criteria For Egg Donors

Women’s ability to donate eggs depends on several factors. These factors influence the chances of pregnancy and the risk of congenital anomalies.

For good outcomes, Patriot Conceptions allow donors between 21 and 35 years of age. Women of this age group respond better to fertility drugs and often have a high quality and quantity of eggs.

Donors should be free of infections, such as HIV and Hepatitis B and C. Also, they should be free from chronic or genetic diseases, such as those who carry the cystic fibrosis gene.

Women facing a high risk of exposure to HIV or other infections are unfit for the egg donation process. Similarly, a donor can face disqualification if they fail to present a detailed family medical history.

Legal Implications For The Egg Donation Process

The laws regarding the egg donation process differ on a country to country basis. In the US, it is legal for a woman to donate eggs either anonymously or not. It is also legal to receive compensation as Egg Donor Cost.

Before proceeding with the process, egg donors need to sign a contract mentioning they have no legal rights or responsibilities with the unborn children or embryos. Although the recipient woman will not have genetic relation with the child, legal documents will record her as the birth mother.

Summary

With Patriot Conceptions, egg donation is a brief procedure with a good success rate. It involves the extraction of eggs from sharply screened donors.  Initially, an egg donor receives medication to stop her menstrual cycle and stimulate the ovaries. The process takes place under the effect of sedatives, anaesthesia, or painkillers. Due to these medications’ effects, a donor will need a few days to recover completely.

The donation or implantation of eggs have physical and psychological side effects, but it is generally a safe and well-tailored procedure. The recipient may be known or unknown to the donor. And after the successful donation of eggs, donors receive financial compensation for their time and eggs.

The screening process significantly reduces the risk of congenital anomalies and genetic diseases. Patriot Conceptions also assists donors and recipients clarify the legal implication of the process.

Due to such a level of good success rates and low Egg Donor Process Side Effects, egg donation from Patriot Conceptions is a good option for women to carry the pregnancy.  

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