How India’s Map Evolved

A map can be described as a beautiful picture that speaks a thousand words. They are treasure troves of information that can help you understand the history of a city, village, country, or the entire world. In this article, we will take a look at India’s map evolution throughout the years. India’s history runs into thousands of years and includes countless dynasties, rulers, eras, and events. So, understanding the entire history of this land couldn’t be possible without a map. Maps help us keep track of easy to complicated developments. India’s map has been continuously evolving since time immemorial. From Indus Valley Civilization to the Mauryan Empire to the Gupta Dynasty to Mughal Empire, the country’s territory was changed whenever the new civilisation rose. India’s map used to look entirely different before the independence. In 1947, Pakistan separated from India and declared itself a new country. Before independence, India was comprised of more than 500 princely states that were combined into 17 provinces to the union in 1950. And in 1956, states borders began to be drawn based on languages. Over the years, the borders of India are continuously changing, and it’s is not limited only to state borders. Many international borders have also been redrawn, including Sikkim and Goa. Recently, the bifurcation of the former state of Jammu and Kashmir resulted in the creation of two union territories – Ladakh and J&K. Before that, Telangana was also bifurcated from Andhra Pradesh in 2014. India shares its border with many sovereign countries and even has a border dispute with some of them, including China and Pakistan. Whenever a new ruler rules a country, its map gets changed. These days the maps of countries have become relatively stable as they don’t involve much in wars. Earlier, every king wanted to expand his territory and used to subjugate others' kingdoms, which led to change the country’s border. India has witnessed several wars, and each event in history played a critical role to make India what it is now.

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